doc martens jobs AdAge Encyclopedia of Advertising

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The full fledged singing commercial has been traced to shortly before World War II when disc jockeys aired customized musical commercials between records. Many early spots were based on popular folk songs, such as a Camel jingle sung to the tune of “Eatin’ Goober Peas”:

Rich, rich, mild, mild, Camel cigarettes.

Just as the Camel jingle emphasized product benefits, so did a 1937 Wheaties spot aired on “Jack Armstrong, the All American Boy.” It was not based on a folk tune; instead, a live, on air male quartet sang:

Have you tried Wheaties? They’re whole wheat with all of the bran.

So just try Wheaties. For wheat is the best food of man.

They’re crispy, they’re crunchy the whole year through.

Jack Armstrong never tires of Wheaties and never will you.

Perhaps the most famous early jingle campaign was that of Pepsi Cola Co. In 1939, the marketer was looking for a major ad agency. In July 1939, Messrs. Johnson and Kent created words that soon became famous:

Two full glasses, that’s a lot.

Twice as much for a nickel too.

Pepsi Cola is the drink for you.

Walter Mack, president of Pepsi, liked the jingle but passed over L and instead hired Newell Emmett Co. According to a 1955 account in Advertising Age, however, he kept the L jingle. It broke in September 1939 on New York’s WOR between news bulletins of Hitler’s invasion of Poland. Soon everybody was humming it.

By the time TV arrived, the singing commercial, or jingle, was near extinction. That medium revived it, however, and gave it a new voice that still continues.

In spring 1957 Roy Gilbert, who had written the 1948 Academy Award winning song “Zip a de doo dah” and other hits, sued Hills Bros. Ayer Sons, music publisher George Simon and others, claiming he had been “irreparably and irrevocably harmed” by the use of the “Muskrat Ramble” (to which he had contributed the lyrics) without his consent in radio and TV spots.


Some artists, however, willingly sell the rights to their music, as the Rolling Stones did in 1995 when they accepted $8 million from Microsoft for the rights to “Start It Up,” which Microsoft used in its introductory effort for Windows 1995. Other artists who have licensed their hit songs include the Beach Boys, who sold the rights to their 1960s hit “California Girls” to Clairol for its Herbal Essence shampoo in 1976,
doc martens jobs AdAge Encyclopedia of Advertising
and Carly Simon, whose “Anticipation” became part of a long running campaign for Heinz ketchup.

There is always a risk when an advertiser rewrites the lyrics to someone’s favorite tune, but one successful adaptation was the 1999 campaign by Mercedes Benz using Janis Joplin’s late 1960s song about the car (including the lyrics, “Lord, won’t you buy me a Mercedes Benz?”).

The list of pop tunes that have been used as jingles is a long one. One particular song, “Me Gotta Have You,” recorded by 1950s pop singer Julius LaRosa, mentioned so many names (Burma Shave, Adler shoes, Toni home permanents, Halo shampoo, Swift bologna, and Smith Bros. cough drops), however, that it offended WNEW owner manager Richard D. Buckley, who decided to ban such songs from his station.

Some jingles even became hit songs. Among the more recognizable ones are Chock Full O’ Nuts’ “Heavenly Feeling,” “Chevrolet Mambo,” “A Western Jingle for Nescafe” Rainier Brewing Co.’s “Rainier Waltz,” the “Mission Bell” wine song and the classic “Chiquita Banana” song. Mid 1960s jingles that became instant hits included Pepsi Cola’s “Music to Watch Girls By” and “I’d Like to Buy the World a Coke” by the Seekers.

Some artists seem to have a natural ability to create jingles that become hits. Roger Nichols has written catchy tunes that became instant favorites. “We’ve Only Just Begun,” with lyrics by Paul Williams, was originally commissioned in 1969 by the ad agency Batten, Barton, Durstine Osborn for its San Francisco based client Crocker National Bank. A year later the song topped the charts when recorded by the Carpenters. Nichols, along with Mr. Williams and A Records held the publishing and recording rights, while Crocker Bank retained the advertising rights, allowing it to reuse the jingle in future campaigns.

For J. Walter Thompson Co.’s Eastman Kodak Co. account, Mr. Nichols wrote “Times of Your Life,” with lyrics by Bill Lane for a TV spot, featuring singer Paul Anka, with ground breaking, two minute radio spots sung by Peggy Lee, Barry Manilow, Anne Murray and other artists. Mr. Anka also recorded it for national distribution and it became a top 10 song,
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greatly increasing Kodak’s exposure at no additional cost to the company.

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Martin Sorrell, CEO, WPP Group

In 2025 the (fabulously entertaining) world described by “Mad Men” will probably seem even more remote, anachronistic and misogynistic. We’ll no longer define “creativity” in the limited sense of just art and copy, and technology, data and content will be so much a part of what we do that the word “digital” will seem hopelessly quaint and narrow. We will be far more global in outlook (Mars, the moon?) and less Anglo American, and there will be far more Peggy Olsons running agencies (along with people from more diverse backgrounds generally). By then, I also believe that chief financial officers and chief procurement officers will agree that marketing is an investment, not a cost.

The word “digital” will not be used to describe agencies or channels. Regardless of what emerging technologies come our way, some of the basics of marketing will still prevail the need for breakthrough creative, deep insights informed by an innate understanding of people and brands, and a finger on the pulse of culture. Technology will make things easier for sure, but the need for human creativity across the marketing landscape will still play a critical role in tapping into consumer psyche and driving action.

Ted Royer, New York chief creative officer, Droga5

In 2025 everyone will get communications from companies jacked directly into their faces. It will be a constant stream of light, sound and emotion received through an alien face hugger/Oculus Rift combination. And we’ll all be okay with that because by then corporations will have convinced us that they are our huge best friends, like skyscraper sized dogs. So to sum up: Giant building size dogs will pump brand love messages directly into our faces.

Arthur Sadoun, global CEO, Publicis Worldwide

Thinking back 10 years to 2005, I’m not sure any of us could have predicted where the current Fortune 50 would be today. In another 10, I’m sure it will have completely changed again. For one thing, the rise of platforms will have broken the intermediary model. Why will we need traditional comms agencies when brands and customers are seamlessly matched together with deep data? The value exchange between producers and consumers will no longer flow one way: Platforms will allow them to create meaningful timely experiences together. As an industry, we need to rapidly change what we do because there isn’t a role for salience when you have symbiosis.

Robert Senior, worldwide CEO, Satachi Saatchi

In 2025 There will still be clients. There will still be creative ideas that play out across multiple channels, and the smart ones will transform their clients’ businesses. So at its core, not much change. But the window dressing will continue its breathless pace of transformation. Faster, cheaper, better integrated, instantly measurable, with wearable technology as a likely new paradigm shifting platform. And no doubt the term “TV ads” will have become obsolete, not least to satisfy all the people who have predicted the death of TV for years.

Lindsay Pattison, worldwide CEO, Maxus

Programmatic approaches will see media largely executed by machine, but the role of agencies to control and refine this will grow exponentially. Brand and direct marketing will become more immediate, individual and inter connected. Meanwhile non programmatic media will become more singular and experiential, as advanced technology and connectivity drive innovation and adoption. The media agencies that thrive will be purveyors of efficiency. They will have built and acquired their own technology, and made smart deals to offer customers exclusive access to the dominant digital media vendors’ global data. They will have learnt to take calculated risks with their own money (rather than clients’) to make advertising that is better than their competitors’. The tide is about to go out. We will then see who’s been swimming naked and who hasn’t.

John Allison, executive creative director, Channel 4’s 4Creative

In 2025 the world will still be suffering from the great digital collapse of 2023, billions and billions of zettabytes of data lost forever and the global economy in ruins. When the riots are in full swing,
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the streets are burning and all seems lost, an ad guy pipes up and says “I think I’ve got an idea.”

Rei Inamoto, chief creative officer, AKQA

By 2025, 95% of customers will manage their business relationships without ever talking to a human. Many service transactions are becoming digital each year. Until a few years ago, we had to manually call a car service. Now it’s done digitally without talking to a human. This is the biggest problem that brands and businesses will continually face for the next ten years: How to take this as an opportunity and create new and meaningful connections and services for people.

Pam Hamlin, global president, Arnold Worldwide

The focus for marketers will be the same. That is, we’ll need to continue to find ways to tell timeless human stories that make brands relevant and important to consumers. The challenge will be staying ahead of emerging technologies because that’s what will impact how human stories are told. There will continue to be more ways to reach people and yet people will never be harder to reach, making the power of ideas even more important. It’s the paradox of our time. Of course, there are some on my team who think giant robots will have taken over by then and none of this will really matter anyway!

Today the creative director is the perfect conceptual storyteller, and they’re mostly from copywriting or art direction backgrounds. Maybe even starting in three to five years there will be wonderful creative directors that come from software engineering backgrounds, because technology is becoming such an important part of appealing to humanity.

Steve King, CEO, ZenithOptimedia

I suspect that from a media perspective our business will see the same transformation as has happened to the travel industry. The days of buying mass media based on syndicated data will quickly become anachronistic as it is replaced by highly measurable and addressable placements across all forms of media, both on and offline. Hyper targeting will become the norm, as will machine based buying. As a consequence, we’ll see a massive acceleration of advertising investment as every dollar invested pays back. Media agencies will be largely unrecognizable from today and will be led by business strategists and data scientists. Clients will increasingly look to the media agencies to replace the management consultants as their critical partners in their own business transformations. Lord Sorrell and French President Maurice Levy’s children become happily married with the two former competitors happily sharing a holiday chateau on the French Riveria.

Lori Senecal, global CEO, CP president CEO, MDC Partner Network

The Future of advertising will be linked to the future of human behavior. Advertising will move from just messaging to understanding and predicting based on individual human behaviors and needs. It will leverage technology in service of making people feel understood and cared for. Essentially brands can leverage big data by monitoring people’s needs to deliver big service and big emotion.

Harris Diamond, chairman CEO, McCann Worldgroup

Today’s teenagers, now in their mid 20s, will no doubt bemoan the “good old days” when videos went viral and you could count yourself cool if you cut the cord. There won’t be any cords. “Viral” will go back to being a purely a healthcare term. No one will quite remember what a “video” is. In the advertising industry whatever it will be called then we will still discuss the importance of creativity. If anything, creativity will only become more important, despite the influence of data. We will still be reached by the power of imagination and emotional truth about our lives. We can also expect to see significant and meaningful demographic changes in the character of our business not only more diversity in our work force, but more diversity at the very top levels of leadership.

Bill Koenigsberg, CEO, Horizon Media

There will no longer be creative agencies and media agencies clients will be looking for “consumer experience” agencies led by the media agencies of today who will manage content, comms planning, activation and analytics and innovation. Agencies will be led by content strategists who will architect the consumer journey and engage along the path. Agencies will employ psychologists who will understand human behavior and how that relates to product purchase and media consumption. We will target consumers based on mood, mindset, and receptivity.

Cilla Snowball, group chairman, group CEO, AMV BBDO

Everything will be wireless, wearable and watchable. Our lives will run simpler and faster; we’ll do everything from our watches, phones and key rings. We will be content leaders and we will create content leaders. And, as now,
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the best work and the best talent will define the winners.

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We may use cookies, web beacons and similar technologies, and/or a third party ad serving software, to automatically collect information about site users and site activity, and we may use this information to, among other things, serve targeted advertisements on this site. The information collected allows us to analyze how users use the site and to track user interests, trends and patterns, thus allowing us to deliver more relevant advertisements to users.We also may use third party service providers, to target and serve some of the advertisements you see on the pages of our Site. We may share technical or aggregate information about your interaction with our Site, such as type of pages viewed and categories of interest, from our Site with these service providers for their use in displaying ads on our Site. These providers may use their own cookies, web beacons and similar technologies to collect similar information from our Site. These service providers may use that information, sometimes in conjunction with similar information gathered through other websites, to deliver advertisements on this Site, and on other websites that participate in our service providers advertising networks, that are tailored to match the perceived interests of consumers. The information obtained by our third party service providers also may be used to help measure and research an advertisement effectiveness, or for other purposes.Unless you affirmatively provide information, the data collected in connection with the ad serving and ad targeting on our Site does not identify you personally and does not include your name, address, email address or telephone number, but it may include device identifying information such as the IP address, MAC address, cookie or other device specific unique alphanumerical ID of your computer.The use and collection of information by third party advertising service providers are governed by the relevant third party Privacy Notice and are not covered by our Privacy Notice. Additionally, many of our advertising service providers are members of the Network Advertising Initiative (“NAI”).Information You Post to Blogs, Discussion Forums and Other Community Posting or Social Networking AreasPlease keep in mind that whenever you voluntarily make your personal information or other private information available for viewing by third parties online for example on blogs, discussion forums, or other community posting or social networking areas of our Site that information can be seen, collected and used by others besides us. We do not knowingly collect any Personal Information from a child under 13. If we become aware that we have inadvertently received personally identifiable information from a user under the age of 13 as part of the Site, we will delete such information from our records.How To Make Changes to Your InformationIf you are a registered user of our Site, you can make changes to your account information by logging in to the Site and using the tools available via the Site. If you have subscribed to one or more of our email newsletters, you also may change your subscriber information, modify your subscriptions, and/or unsubscribe from these newsletters at any time by logging in to your account. However, as effective as the reasonable security measures implemented by us may be, no physical or electronic security system is impenetrable. We cannot guarantee the security of our Site servers or databases, nor can we guarantee that information you supply will not be intercepted while being transmitted to us over the Internet.Our Site also includes links to other websites and provides access to products and services offered by third parties, whose privacy policies we do not control.
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A SECRET AND A GUN. Pat O right, and Larry Ripp bring their performance of Whisper Into My Good Ear to the Grand Theatre for two performances, Jan. 26 and 27.

Pat O was at the Camaraderie a Water Street bar that has since burned down with some UW Eau Claire theater students after a performance of The Time of Your Life when the group discovered an unexpected commonality. Out of the congregation of nearly 10, a majority had been altar boys as children. It this childhood role that O who grew up in Eau Claire and went on to a career in acting and directing, credits with his start in theater.

At the age of 10 he had to memorize lines and learn blocking, just as he would have in a play. When he was first given the responsibility he went home with his prayers and learned them overnight. The St. James Catholic School nun he was working with didn believe he had memorized them so quickly. priest was the star, O said; then he gestured heavenward to illustrate God role as, in O words, Almighty critic. he intended to be a priest it wasn until a few years later that the implications of celibacy sank in. He didn start to seriously act until well into his college career at UW Eau Claire. Since then, he has lived on both coasts and acted in The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, Sabrina the Teenage Witch, and as Mr. Dewey on Saved by the Bell. However, he prefers the stage to the screen and communicates his extensive career by way of listing theaters and troupes rather than by itemizing roles. He performed at New York Shakespeare in the Park, at the Guthrie, in La Hoya, and in dozens of fringe festivals.

On Jan. 26 and 27, O will return to Eau Claire to direct and perform in Whisper Into My Good Ear at the Grand Theater as a special fundraiser for the Chippewa Valley Theater Guild. O and Larry Ripp star in this two night, two man show about a pair of elderly men. Charlie, played by Ripp, is bitter, mourning the loss of his sight and his wife memory loss. O character, Max, is a quiet man, thoughtful and articulate, with a secret.

The duo received great reviews for their performance of Whisper Into My Good Ear at the Minnesota Fringe Festival in 2017. It one of the more riveting shows of this year Capital Fringe Festival. viewing the Minneapolis performance, Ann Sessions, executive director of the Chippewa Valley Theatre Guild, invited Ripp and O to perform in Eau Claire. are always excited to be able to bring his talent to The Grand Theatre and this community, she said.
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Trails, parks, sports fields, waterfront recreation areas, and indoor recreation facilities Port Moody has it all. There are lots of great places to play and be active all year round. With more than 35% of its land dedicated to green space, Port Moody has a wealth of beautiful parks and trails for everyone to enjoy.

Run, walk, cycle, wheel, or stroll through Rocky Point Park or along one of our multi use paths. Take and extended ride through our neighbouring cities using the Tri Cities cycling map. If hiking is your thing,
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you come to the right place. Port Moody has 56 kilometres of trails and paths. Pick your route and get going! Whether you choose the trails in Bert Flinn Park or the Alfred Howe Greenway, or head to the start of the Shoreline Trail or TransCanada Trail, you can go wrong. Relax at Old Orchard Park while the kids dig in the sand or skip stones on the water. Here’s a great write up on five of Port Moody’s more picturesque parks.

Take your kids to a playground or a splash park. Bring your dog to an off leash area. Get out on the water in a kayak. Enjoy our seemingly endless shoreline. Explore Port Moody today!

Feel like staying indoors? Head to the Complex, where you find a weight room, aerobics studio, walking track, hot tub and steam room, curling centre,
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Action Team met Thursday, January 11 at Washington County Connections (WCC). Director Holly Thompson called the meeting to order and after introductions, gave her report.

She is still involved with the Healthy Snacks program in Akron and Otis Schools. The program has been going for three years. A Cooking Matters class for childcare providers and those who work with children will be held March 3 in Yuma. Thompson has been busy writing grants.

The Rural Resource Center in Yuma and WCC have job openings. In Yuma they need a bilingual specialist and in Akron, they need an assistant to answer the phones, etc. Tiffany Rogers has been doing that, but she has moved up because she is working with so many different programs. Dental screens will be held in Woodlin, Arickaree and Lone Star Schools in February. They have already been held in Akron and Otis at the schools.

Penny Stumpf from Northeast Colorado Health Department said the new director is Trish McClain.

Stumpf said, “We are still working with schools on healthy nutrition. The WIC program has really grown.”

She was asked if WIC could be held more than once a week in Akron, but said the funding comes from the commissioners and right now they can only fund someone to be in the office once a week. They are also working on oral health and will be holding clinics in Wiggins and will then move to Logan and Morgan Counties.

Director of Akron Head Start, Jen Mehring said they are fully enrolled and fully staffed, although they are looking for a bus driver. They have signed a contract with a registered nurse from Denver and can reach her at any time. They are also going to hold a Dad’s night for the fathers of the kids who attend Head Start.

Rene Gonzalez from Colorado Access said they have been limited to working with two regions, instead of three, and that means they will not be working in northeast Colorado after June 30. A new group, Northeast Partners, is supposed to be taking over in northeastern Colorado starting July 1. Thy have been working with people on Medicaid and those who can benefit from WIC. He said he hopes to get to know the personnel from the new group, so he can let everyone have their information before he has to stop serving in northeast Colorado.

Maria Foy from the Health Department said they are going to have a Communities That Care (CTC) training on January 26. The department is going to partner with Centennial on mental health. They sent out CTC surveys and are going to start compiling the information they received from the surveys and pick the top three problems that were mentioned on the surveys. They will focus on those three groups. Once they finish the report, they will share it with the communities involved.

Sarah Arntt from the Rural Resource Center said she is also working with the CTC program. She has also gone to trainings for a marijuana pilot program where they will host conversations with adults and children so they can start talking about marijuana and they can all give their thoughts on marijuana.

Jeff Appleman from Centennial Area Health Education Center said they are hosting two AmeriCorps workers. All the Sheriff’s Departments in the counties he works with have opened drop boxes for medicines and drugs, except for Washington County. He visited with Undersheriff Robbie Furrow later on Tuesday and they will be working on getting a drop box opened. When that is ready, the Sheriff’s Department will issue a press release. They are hoping to find programs that other AmeriCorps personnel can help with. They have housing available for both of them and one is now working.

Director of the Washington County Green Homes, Brenda Rhea, said they are full and still have a waiting list. They are holding a CNA class now. On February 1, they will host a Cooking Matters class in conjunction with WCC, who does the training. They have a new stone with the name of the facility on it and they will be getting a new flagpole and lights in the near future.

Tiffany Rogers of WCC went to the Akron preschool and read to the students. She also handed out a new book to each child and worked on a craft with them. They will be holding a Nurturing Fathers class soon. She is also working with Margo from Yuma Resource Center on having a health activity learning session. Mobile Pantry has been going very well and they are still holding their coat drive until the end of February, so if you have good used coats, you can take them to WCC and they will give them out.

Jamie Bacon said the Cooking Matters class to be held at the nursing home will run for six weeks. You can still receive utility assistance at WCC, but you need to apply for LEAP at the Department of Human Services first, before you go to WCC. The meetings will be held at St. Paul Lutheran Church in Otis. Their youth group will be providing child care. For more information, call WCC at (970) 345 2225. WCC has applied for a Tablesetters grant and if they receive the grant, some of the funds will be used to purchase school supplies in bulk for parents of school children.

Annie Kuntz, Clerk for the Commissioners, was in attendance, as Commissioner Lea Ann Laybourn was unable to attend. She gave Laybourn’s report, which was already in the paper. They are going to revise some of the fees at the landfill. Laybourn was appointed chairman of the commissioners at the reorganizational meeting held January 9. The commissioners have switched public comment time at their meetings, which are held on Tuesdays.

Superintendent of Otis Schools, Kendra Anderson, said, “I want to thank you for holding these meetings. It gives me information on who I can contact for the different problems we might have. To know what is going on, I encourage everyone to read the school board report that is always in the paper. At a meeting for superintendents from all over the state, we have sent up legislation to modernize the School Finance Act and we will be trying to get a bill into the legislature and get it passed. Otis now has 243 students, which is over 50 more than we had six years ago. A lot of the kids are at the poverty level. I am also still concerned about mental health care for our children.”

There was a question about the Healthy Child Clinic. WCC used to organize them, but now they will be held by the Health Department. WCC will oversee each clinic and they will continue to be held. They are going to talk to the commissioners to see if they can still use the clinic for the clinics. If not, they will check with the Foursquare Church.
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mary jane doc martens ACLU sends letter to county prosecutor about players charged in Pioneer football brawl

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The American Civil Liberties Union of Michigan sent a letter to Washtenaw County Prosecutor Brian Mackie Tuesday asking him to consider “better alternatives” to charging the three black students in the Pioneer Huron football brawl.

The same day protestors rally in front of the courthouse for the three students charged in the October Huron Pioneer football brawl, the ACLU of Michigan issued a letter also coming to the students’ defense.

“Our position is if there are better alternatives, we would strongly encourage the prosecutor to consider those as well,” Fancher said. “If he would see it to dismiss the charges, we would applaud that.”

He said more than anything, the ACLU is asking Mackie not to handle this case routinely, as he would handle cases for chronic offenders or someone more accustom to being in the court system.

The letter states:

“The ACLU of Michigan does not typically comment on the sufficiency of evidence in pending criminal cases, and we decline to do so now with respect to charges that your office is pursuing Nevertheless, your decision to pursue charges solely against three African American students did not occur in a historical and social vacuum, and we are compelled to discuss with you the broader implications and consequences of prosecuting only these three out of scores of alleged participants in what many have characterized as a ‘brawl.'”

Fancher wrote the ACLU initiates this discussion fully aware that when racial issues are raised, people often accuse others of “playing the race card.” However, he said in his letter, race remains a central factor of “alarming statistics,” such as the school to prison pipeline, which refers to the correlation between the disproportionate number of black students suspended and expelled from school and the students’ eventual involvement in the criminal justice system.

The letter states:

“The pending cases against the three students appear against the backdrop of these stark racial disparities in the schools and the criminal justice system. It is in that context that communities of color consider the institutional dynamics that frequently penalize their youth. The perceptions of unfairness are understandable. Two white coaches trigger chaos on a football field, and dozens of players throw numerous punches, but only three black students end up facing criminal charges. Week in, week out, hockey players pummel each other to the delight of spectators, but meanwhile, three black students end up facing criminal charges for an incident on a football field. In fact, it is not unfair to suggest that it is practically an American tradition not to prosecute participants in sports fights. Yet, in Ann Arbor, three black students end up facing criminal charges. You may have reasons for your decisions that have nothing to do with race or racial bias. However, there is an opportunity here to address the long held community concerns about the disparate punishment of black youth in this county at a time when area residents are publicly demonstrating their concern about the prosecution of these three young men.”

The ACLU of Michigan asks that Mackie meet with them to discuss non punitive consequences, such as restorative justice practices that may resolve the issue for all of those involved, including the victims, without “forever impacting the lives of these young men,” Communications Director Rana Elmir said in an email.

Restorative justice brings everyone impacted by a crime or an action together in a meeting. The parties communicate to each other that something has happened and talk about the ways it impacted them.

“It unfolds in a number of different ways, but often what happens is for the first time, the offenders can really appreciate the extent of what they’ve done,” Fancher said, adding: “The victim gets to see that this person they built up in their mind as a horrible monster may have made a bad decision or mistake. And they can talk creatively about how to make things right.”

Fancher said in the case of the Ann Arbor Huron Pioneer football brawl, these are students who, moments before the fight broke out, were having fun and engaging in a good natured competition.

“It’s not a case where you have people committing a premeditated crime or people hell bent on creating problems for other people, but rather people who got caught up in a moment,” he said.

The ACLU’s letter comes a week after the Ann Arbor school board took similar action and passed a resolution also addressed to Mackie. The Board of Education also asked the prosecutor to look at other ways of addressing the students’ behaviors, rather than through criminal charges.

At least two community groups have formed in support of the students, two of whom are juveniles and Bashir Garain, 18, who was charged as an adult. One group has organized fundraisers to pay for attorney fees, while the other group is marching and rallying in front of the courthouse this week as the students appear for proceedings.

Download the complete letter from the ACLU of Michigan.

I am trusting the justice system will perform as expected, according to the evidence, with respect for the constitutional rights of the accused, the severity of the crime(s), and intent. I would expect this will occur without regard for public opinion, resolutions passed, letters submitted, or demonstrations whether those be favorable or unfavorable to the accused. Otherwise we would be condoning mob justice, right or wrong, and our society is one governed by law, not men, as a wise man once said. Let hope justice is served with equity, as it should be.

That Ann Arbor School employees and the board would participate and intervene with the intent to influence the justice system should be specifically prevented from here forward. It just not right and smacks of intimidation by government employees. This resolution, its discussion, employee participation should be invesstigated for any legal violation because it smacks of on company time. They escalated the fight by chosing to basically use weapons, where everyone else was pushing and shoving. If it would have remained a simple skirmish of pushing and shoving, it all would have been passed off as boys being boys. The moment these three individuals decided to use objects that could be considered dangerous weapons, the whole thing changed. From the length of time it took, I sure the police and prosecutor performed a thorough investigation and did their due dilegence before deciding to prosecute.

Atticus, learn the difference between civil and criminal. In most cases in school fights it is the former some punches, shoving, wrestling, etc. These are not the domain of the prosecutor. So yeah, those aren among the cases that are criminally prosecuted. If there is legal action in those cases, it is one citizen bringing charges against the other. and unless you frequently reading over the docket down at the courthouse, you not going to know about them.
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thesis, 144 p. Bureau of Mines Information Circular 9027, p. 53 61.

Ahonen L and Tuovinen O H. 1994. Solid phase alteration and iron transformation in column bioleaching of a complex sulfide ore. American Chemical Society Symposium Series 550, p. 79 89.

Alarcon Leon, E. 1997. Long term mine site rehabilitation studies at Stockton open cast coal mine. Unpublished Masters Thesis, University of Canterbury, New Zealand. 400 pp. 133, p. 1171 1179. Chemical and microbiological properties (2nd): Madison, Wis., American Society of Agronomy Monograph 9, p. 815 820.

Ali M A and Dzombak D A. 1996. Competitive sorption of simple organic acids and sulfate on goethite. Environmental Science Technology 30, pp 1061 1071.

Ali M A and Dzombak D A. 1996. Interactions of copper, organic acids, and sulfate in goethite suspensions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60, pp 5045 5053. 60, p. 291 304. 1994. American Chemical Society Symposium Series 550.

Alpers C N and Nordstom D K.1991. Geochemical evolution of extremely acid mine waters at Iron Mountain, California: Are there any lower limits to pH? In: 2nd Intern. Conf. on the Abatement of Acidic Drainage, Sept. 16 18, 1991, Montreal, Canada, v. 2, p. 321 342. 22, p. 247 270. 23, no. 5, p. 382. 42, p. 281 298.

American Society for Testing and Materials, 1995, Gaseous fuels; coal and coke: ASTM. v. 05.05. methods 3179 and 4239C.

Anderson K. 1994. Environmental management of abandoned and inactive mines. MERN Research Bulletin and Newsletter, No.6,
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Anonymous. 1991. Study on Metals Recovery/Recycling from Acid Mine Drainage. MEND Project 3.21.1(a), July 1991. Mine Environment Neutral Drainage Program, Canada.

Anonymous. 1994. Canada wide Survey of Acid Mine Drainage Characteristics, MEND Report 3.22.1, December 1994, Mine Environment Neutral Drainage Program, Canada.

Anonymous. 1995. Acid drainage network progress report. MERN Research Bulletin and Newsletter, No.8, p 74.

Anonymous. 1995. Network on Harmoization of Leaching/Extraction Tests Newsletter, No. 1, March 1995, 4p.

Anthony M and Flett D S. 1996. Minerals and metals recovery and the environment an overview. In: Minerals, Metals and the Environment II, pp 1 17, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, London.

Anthracite Research and Development Co., Inc., 1972, Swatara Creek mine drainage pollution abatement project, part three, Operation Scarlift: Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, SL 126 3, 113 p.

Arakaki, T., and Mucci, A., 1995, A continuous and mechanistic representation of calcite reaction controlled kinetics in dilute solutions at 25=B0C and 1 Atm total pressure: Aquatic Geochemistry, v. 1,
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p. 105 130.

doc martens floral Achievements in Treasure Valley business

doc martens shoes Achievements in Treasure Valley business

Idaho State University assistant history professor Yolonda Youngs has received a $39,000 grant to preserve American Indian artifacts at Grand Teton National Park with 3D scans. The project will scan historic, social and cultural objects in the David T. Vernon Collection of American Indian art (1830 1940) that are part of the Grand Teton National Park Museum Collection. Youngs is the principal investigator, and Donna Delparte, assistant professor of geosciences at ISU, is co principal investigator. They collaborated with Grand Teton National Park Museum Director and Tribal Liaison Bridgette Guild and the Acting Cultural Resource Specialist Elizabeth Engle. MUG

Nurface Games, a Boise startup, has won a global award in virtual reality software development and innovation. The startup business received a two week trip to China to meet with top industry investors, venture capitalists, and gaming companies in the cities of Guangzhou, Chengdu, Beijing, Nanjing, and Shanghai.

Idaho Power has recognized employees with 25 or more years of service. Tracy Bartolome was hired Aug. 18, 1980, as a groundman in Vale, Ore. and now works as a regional system operator in Boise. Tom Harvey was hired Aug. 18, 1980, as a junior accountant in the general office and now works as the Resource Planning and Operations director at the corporate headquarters. Greg Said was hired Aug. 4, 1980, as a junior resource analyst in the general office and now works as the vice president of regulatory affairs. Idaho Power also announced the retirements of Mark Everhart, 16 years; Ernest Gardner, 17 years; Dan Golden, 31 years; Blaine Johnston, 34 years; Terry Martens, 5 years and Don Smith, 39 years.
doc martens floral Achievements in Treasure Valley business

dr martens cherry red 1460 Ace Concannon turns down Banbury move

dr martens laces Ace Concannon turns down Banbury move

Didcot Town manager Peter Cox has received a major boost with the news that prolific goalscorer Ian Concannon has turned down a move to Dr Martens League outfit Banbury United.

Concannon, who joined his home town club from Abingdon Town earlier this season, has bagged 28 goals in just 22 games.

Carterton Town welcome back Michaes Herbert from injury for the home game with Cirencester Academy. Paul Feeley, however, is ruled out he was injured on his debut last week.

Abingdon United continue their quest for silverware as they take on title chasers Gloucester United in the Complete Music Challenge Cup quarter final.

They are boosted by the return of Richard Peirson, who has been absent due to work commitments, while striker Kai Ridley is back after a bout of sickness.

Carl Wilkins, Mark O’Hara and Jordan Reed are all cup tied.

Ardley United’s Stuart Beavon jnr returns to action at Middle Barton in Division 1 West. Beavon jnr missed last weekend’s 3 0 home defeat against Old Woodstock after burning an arm in a work accident.

Goalkeeper Dale Harris faces a fitness test on a leg injury picked up a fortnight ago, while Martin Woodward has recovered from broken fingers. Jason Bedford and Paul Eldridge are unavail able for Barton.

Kidlington will again be without their five county youth players for their home game with Letcombe. Leighton James, Kevin Williams and Paul Grossmann are also ruled out.

Russell Paice returns to the Old Woodstock Town squad for their home clash with Malmesbury Victoria.

Quarry Nomads’ Francis Fox is a long term injury victim after he needed ten stitches in a gashed leg. Darren Teggart is back into the squad for the trip to Englefield Green in Division 1 East.

Leaders AFC Wallingford duo Barry Primmer and James McKinney return from suspension for the trip to Godalming Guildford in the Combined Counties League Premier Division.

Skipper Gary Stevens serves a one match ban.

AFC Wallingford: from Rutherford, Hannigan, Green, McKinney, Campbell, Primmer, Bryan, Parr, Shildrick, Mulvaney, Rizkalla, Stevens, Murray, Ward, Crittall.

Tomorrow’s Hellenic Squads Didcot Tn (v Shortwood Utd, away): Walker, Beaven, Thomas, Marriott, Noble, Jones, Hoey, McNamara, Cooper, Heapy, Concannon, Strong, Bailey, Oglesby, Tyler.

Bicester Tn (v Almondsbury Tn, away): from Darvill, Hammond, Schooling, Cresswell, Lynch, Davis, Grant, Johnson, Smith, McGillycuddy, Neale, Marshall, Darch, Bone, Stuart Fox.

Carterton Tn (v Cirencester Acad, home): from Heritage, Cole, Forster, Dodds, Woodley, Herbert, Henry, Lewis, Taylor, O’Connor, Moss, Mortimer Jones, Leahair, Holder.

Wantage Tn (v Fairford Tn, home): from Belcher, Breen, Bedwell, Broad, Eltham, Jones, Jarvey, Burke, Grey, L Newport, Spiero, Pettis, Whitworth, Baker, J Newport, Broadis.

Abingdon Utd (v Gloucester Utd, away): from Tassell, T Smith, Shelton, N Smith, Riley, Essex, Brandon, Peirson, Ridley, Harbert, Hamp, Simms, Hooper, Curtin, Oram, Parsons.

Ardley Utd (v Middle Barton, away): from Harris or Woodward,
dr martens cherry red 1460 Ace Concannon turns down Banbury move
Bough, Wright, Spittle, Goldthorpe, Meredith, Green, Kimber, Gardner, Beavon jnr, Beavon snr, Davison, Butt, Bridges.

Middle Barton (v Ardley Utd, home): from Smith, Baskerville, Beale, Shepherd, Redknap, Anderson, Robey, Bott, Hambis, Fraser, Warr, Phillips, Pickup, Hanks.

Hook Norton (v Ross Tn, away): from Townsend, Tyrell, Pope, Farley, Willis, Evans, Parkinson, Lester, Thomas, Stratford, Shawyer, Tree, Butler, Knight.

Chip Norton Tn (v Winterbourne Utd, away): from Prentice, C Dore, Mills, Cockroft, Beauchamp, Maskell, Corbett, Peedle, Wyatt, Helby, O’Hare, Hutchison, Latimer, Maycock, A Dore.

Kidlington (v Letcombe, home): from Lowe, Couling, Rahmouni, S Grossmann, Twiss, T East, A East, Green, Gills, Bolton, Faulkner, Morris, Talboys, Harwood, Dyer.

Old Woodstock Tn (v Malmesbury Vic, home): from Mole, Brandon, Bishop, Harris, Clarke, Tarry, Busby, Flashman, Sherlock, Keyes, Dove, Cook, Hall, Fitzgerald, Paice.

Quarry Nomads (v Englefield GR, away): from McMahon, Elbro, Trinder, Cox, Sims, Mazey, Hutt, O’Callaghan, Brackett, Justin Ford, Rodney, Bateman, James Ford, Kinch, Bloomfield.
dr martens cherry red 1460 Ace Concannon turns down Banbury move